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An alphabetical listing of Health Topics.
Title
A Guide to Common Infections

This booklet will help support you in the management of a child attending your facility who has a communicable disease.

Aedes aegypti mosquito

The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a tropical mosquito that is part of the Aedes species. It is capable of transmitting several viruses, including Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever. These mosquitoes are small and have a black and white pattern on their legs and other parts of the body.

Aedes albopictus mosquito

The Aedes albopictus mosquito is a tropical mosquito that is part of the Aedes species which is capable of transmitting Zika virus. Although this species of mosquito, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is capable of transmitting viruses including Zika, it is not the species that is responsible for the majority of human cases of Zika virus infection in the Caribbean, South America and Florida. That species is the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Amebiasis

Amebiasis is an infection caused by a parasite, called Entamoeba histolytica.  It lives in the feces (poop) of a person.  Most infections occur in a person’s stomach and intestines (gastrointestinal tract).  In some people, the disease may occur in the liver, lungs, skin, and other parts of the body.

Animal Bite

If you’re bitten or scratched by a domestic or wild animal, seek immediate medical attention and report the incident to us.

Anthrax

Anthrax is an infection caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

Asbestos

Asbestos is the name of a group of minerals that are shaped like long, thin fibres that were used to make products strong, long-lasting and fire-resistant.

Asian tiger mosquito

The Aedes albopictus mosquito is a tropical mosquito that is part of the Aedes species which is capable of transmitting Zika virus. Although this species of mosquito, also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, is capable of transmitting viruses including Zika, it is not the species that is responsible for the majority of human cases of Zika virus infection in the Caribbean, South America and Florida. That species is the Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Asthma

Asthma is a chronic (long-term) disease in which a person’s airways are inflamed, making it difficult to breathe. The airways become more inflamed when “triggers” are inhaled, which can cause them to produce more mucous and may also cause the muscles around the airway to tighten.

Asthma in the Classroom

The following information will provide an overview of key facts about asthma, and will outline helpful tips for managing students in the classroom with an asthma diagnosis.

Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are wingless, red-brown, blood sucking insects. They’re oval shaped and live four months to one year. They can survive for long periods without a blood meal. Their eggs are whitish, pear-shaped, and approximately the size of a pinhead.

Blue-Green Algae Bloom

Blue-green algae are microscopic bacteria that occur naturally in fresh water lakes. In warm weather, with the right nutrients and low wind, they can form a large mass called a bloom. Residents and visitors are urged to take a cautious approach, monitor the situation, and protect themselves from potential health risks.

Botulism

Botulism is a rare infection caused by the bacteria, Clostridium botulinum. These germs make a toxin (poison) that affects your nervous system and can cause paralysis. This germ is found worldwide in soil and dust and also can be found in the intestines of animals.

Brucellosis

Brucellosis is an infection caused by the bacteria, Brucella. These germs mainly live in cattle, pigs, goats, and sheep.

Campylobacter

Campylobacter enteritis is an infection caused by a group of bacteria, called Campylobacter.  These germs live mostly in the intestines of animals, including poultry, cattle, rodents, and household pets.

Canine Influenza - Information for Pet Owners

Canine influenza (or dog flu) is an influenza A virus that infects dogs. There are two different dog flu viruses: H3N8 and H3N2 virus. Most dogs have no immunity to either strain of virus and it is highly contagious. It can also infect cats. It is not known to infect humans. The first documented case of H3N2 in Canada was on January 2, 2018 in Windsor-Essex County.

Care for your Child after Vaccinations

Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects that are usually mild and brief. Most children are fine after getting a shot. Side effects are usually minimal and last less than 24 hours. In rare cases, a child may have a serious allergic reaction. The risks of a serious reaction happening are lower than the risks of the diseases the shots prevent. After your child receives a vaccination (shot), your child will be asked to wait for 15 minutes to make sure that there are no side effects.

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a very contagious and common illness with rash and fever caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox illness usually lasts about 5 to 10 days and is usually a mild infection, however, it can be life-threatening to some.

Chickens

The practice of urban agriculture is not a new concept and has been accepted in other parts of the province to empower local communities to develop sustainable food systems. An example of urban agriculture is the raising of urban chickens (backyard chickens) as a source of fresh eggs.

Chikungunya Virus

Chikungunya is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease typically causes high grade fever combined with arthritis-like joint pains.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacteria that is spread by sexual contact with an infected person.

Cholera

Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria can be found in water or food that has been contaminated with stool (poop) from a person who is infected with cholera. In Ontario, an average of one case per year is reported and all cases have been exposed to cholera in another country while travelling. Places in the world with poor sanitation, poor water treatment and inadequate hygiene are more likely to have cholera.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a type of bacteria found in the environment, and in the feces (poop) of humans. Some people can carry the bacteria in their intestines without it causing them any harm. This is known as “colonization”. The bacteria can cause infection in others, known as “C. difficile infection (CDI)”, by producing a toxin that harms your intestines and causes symptoms.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) est une bactérie qui est associée à des éclosions de diarrhée et de colite chez les patients hospitalisés et les résidents de maisons de soins infirmiers. Elle cause généralement des problèmes aux personnes ayant suivi une antibiothérapie.

Cold-related Injury

Cold weather can be harmful to your health. While the health risks related to cold are higher for certain groups (such as people who work outdoors, people with pre-existing heart conditions or respiratory illnesses, older adults, infants, young children, and those who are experiencing homelessness), everyone is potentially at risk.

Common Cold (Viral Upper Respiratory Infection)

A common cold, or a viral upper respiratory infection, is an infection of the nose and throat. Many different viruses (germs) can cause a cold. While the common cold and influenza (flu) symptoms can seem very similar, the flu is usually more severe.

Concussion

A concussion is a brain injury. It’s the result of a strong force being passed on directly or indirectly to the head or the body that shakes the brain within the skull.

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium is a parasite that causes diarrhea in humans and animals. When a person gets sick, the infection is called cryptosporidiosis. Once infected, the parasite lives in the intestine and passes in the stool. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as “crypto.”

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclospora is a parasite that causes an illness in the intestines called cyclosporiasis.

Diphtheria

Diphtheria is a bacterium that releases a toxin into the infected person’s body. Diphtheria affects the upper respiratory tract. A greyish coloured membrane forms at the back of the throat. The membrane can make it difficult to breathe or swallow.

E. Coli

Escherichia coli, also called E. coli, are bacteria that are often found in the intestines of people and animals. There are different types of E. coli. Some types of E. coli are not harmful, but others like E. coli O157:H7, can make some people very sick. Usually illness is caused by eating contaminated food or water, having contact with someone who is sick with the bacteria, or animals that carry it.

Ebola

Ebola is a severe acute viral illness in humans. Ebola risk is very low in Windsor-Essex. To date, there have not been any cases of Ebola in Canada, and the risk to Ontarians remains low.

Eczema

Eczema is a common skin rash that can go on for a long time and does not completely go away. It usually begins in childhood, but can occur in adults as well. The exact cause of eczema is unknown.

Emergency Preparedness

You may not be able to predict when a disaster will happen, but there are ways you can reduce the impact of any emergency you might face.  You can become better prepared to face a range of emergencies by taking a few simple steps:

Entérocoques résistants à la vancomycine (ERV)

Les entérocoques sont des bactéries qui se trouvent normalement dans les voies intestinales et digestives d’une personne. Ils se trouvent aussi souvent dans l’environnement. Ces bactéries peuvent causer bien des genres d’infections devant être traités par des antibiotiques.

Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a relatively rare virus with potentially serious risks to some people.