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An alphabetical listing of Health Topics.
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Campylobacter

Campylobacter enteritis is an infection caused by a group of bacteria, called Campylobacter.  These germs live mostly in the intestines of animals, including poultry, cattle, rodents, and household pets.

Canine Influenza - Information for Pet Owners

Canine influenza (or dog flu) is an influenza A virus that infects dogs. There are two different dog flu viruses: H3N8 and H3N2 virus. Most dogs have no immunity to either strain of virus and it is highly contagious. It can also infect cats. It is not known to infect humans. The first documented case of H3N2 in Canada was on January 2, 2018 in Windsor-Essex County.

Care for your Child after Vaccinations

Vaccines, like any medicine, can have side effects that are usually mild and brief. Most children are fine after getting a shot. Side effects are usually minimal and last less than 24 hours. In rare cases, a child may have a serious allergic reaction. The risks of a serious reaction happening are lower than the risks of the diseases the shots prevent. After your child receives a vaccination (shot), your child will be asked to wait for 15 minutes to make sure that there are no side effects.

Chickenpox

Chickenpox is a very contagious and common illness with rash and fever caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox illness usually lasts about 5 to 10 days and is usually a mild infection, however, it can be life-threatening to some.

Chikungunya Virus

Chikungunya is a disease spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease typically causes high grade fever combined with arthritis-like joint pains.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacteria that is spread by sexual contact with an infected person.

Cholera

Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria can be found in water or food that has been contaminated with stool (poop) from a person who is infected with cholera. In Ontario, an average of one case per year is reported and all cases have been exposed to cholera in another country while travelling. Places in the world with poor sanitation, poor water treatment and inadequate hygiene are more likely to have cholera.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) is a type of bacteria found in the environment, and in the feces (poop) of humans. Some people can carry the bacteria in their intestines without it causing them any harm. This is known as “colonization”. The bacteria can cause infection in others, known as “C. difficile infection (CDI)”, by producing a toxin that harms your intestines and causes symptoms.

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)

Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) est une bactérie qui est associée à des éclosions de diarrhée et de colite chez les patients hospitalisés et les résidents de maisons de soins infirmiers. Elle cause généralement des problèmes aux personnes ayant suivi une antibiothérapie.

Cold-related Injury

Cold weather can be harmful to your health. While the health risks related to cold are higher for certain groups (such as people who work outdoors, people with pre-existing heart conditions or respiratory illnesses, older adults, infants, young children, and those who are experiencing homelessness), everyone is potentially at risk.

Common Cold (Viral Upper Respiratory Infection)

A common cold, or a viral upper respiratory infection, is an infection of the nose and throat. Many different viruses (germs) can cause a cold. While the common cold and influenza (flu) symptoms can seem very similar, the flu is usually more severe.

Concussion

A concussion is a brain injury. It’s the result of a strong force being passed on directly or indirectly to the head or the body that shakes the brain within the skull.

Cryptosporidiosis

Cryptosporidium is a parasite that causes diarrhea in humans and animals. When a person gets sick, the infection is called cryptosporidiosis. Once infected, the parasite lives in the intestine and passes in the stool. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as “crypto.”

Cyclosporiasis

Cyclospora is a parasite that causes an illness in the intestines called cyclosporiasis.