Diseases of Public Health Significance

Entérobactéries productrices de carbapénèmases (EPC)

Les entérobactéries sont un groupe de bactéries (germes) qui se retrouvent naturellement dans les intestins. Ces bactéries se retrouvent aussi dans l’environnement. Les EPC sont un type d’entérobactéries qui produisent des enzymes appelées carbapénèmases. Ces enzymes peuvent décomposer de nombreux types d’antibiotiques (médicaments luttant contre les bactéries), rendant ainsi les bactéries très résistantes et difficiles à traiter.


Blastomycosis is an infection caused by a group of fungus called Blastomyces. The fungus is usually found in wet soil in wooded areas near water and rotting plants. It grows as mould in the soil, and once it enters the body it grows as yeast. The fungus often causes an infection in the lungs. It can also affect other areas such as the skin and bone.

Invasive Meningococcal Disease

Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is a serious infection caused by the bacteria, Neisseria meningitidis. Up to 10% of the population carry the bacteria at the back of their throat or nose without ever getting sick. In rare cases, IMD can cause an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and/or an infection of the bloodstream (septicemia).