Maladie Importante sur le plan de la Santé Publique 2018-2019
Diseases of Public Health Significance
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L’hépatite A est une infection du foie causée par un virus. La maladie est généralement mineure chez les enfants, mais peut être plus grave chez les adultes.
Garder la vaccination de votre enfant à jour permet de le protéger contre bien des types de la maladie méningococcique.
L’amibiase est une infection intestinale causée par un parasite qui vit dans les matières fécales des personnes infectées.
Cholera is an intestinal infection caused by bacteria. The bacteria can be found in water or food that has been contaminated with stool (poop) from a person who is infected with cholera. In Ontario, an average of one case per year is reported and all cases have been exposed to cholera in another country while travelling. Places in the world with poor sanitation, poor water treatment and inadequate hygiene are more likely to have cholera.
Listeria is a bacteria that can cause a rare but serious illness called listeriosis. Those who are pregnant, the elderly, and those with a weakened immune system have a higher risk of becoming seriously ill.
Hepatitis A (Hep A) is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis A virus.
Whooping cough is also known as Pertussis, is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory tract.
Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi.
Polio (poliomyelitis) is a vaccine preventable disease. It is a potentially deadly disease caused by the poliovirus. It is very contagious. Canada has been certified “polio-free” since 1994 thanks to our vaccination program.