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Screen for Life. Cancer screenings sees what you can't. Breast, Cervical, Colorectal.

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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Canadian women (excluding non-melanoma skin cancers). It’s the second leading cause of death from cancer in Canadian women. Locally, 63.7% of eligible women between the ages of 50 to 74 have had a mammogram in the last 2 years.  Screening can find cancer early when it’s small. Screening can lead to a better chance of treating the cancer, reduce the likelihood of it spreading, and increase the number of potential treatment options. Learn more about Breast Cancer Screening from Cancer Care Ontario.

Breast Cancer Screening
Who should get screened?
  • Women 50 years of age and older
  • Women 30 to 69 years old who have a family history of breast cancer or genetic link to breast cancer.

Women at average risk for breast cancer between the age of 50 and 74 years old can:

  • Contact any Ontario Breast Screening Program (OBSP) location to make an appointment.  Find a location near you from Cancer Care Ontario Screening Site Locations.
  • Contact their doctor and get referred to a breast screening centre.

See your doctor or nurse practitioner who can refer you to the Ontario Breast Screening Program (OBSP) or a Breast Screening Centre if:

  • If you’re younger than 50 years of age but you are at risk for breast cancer because you have a family history or a genetic link to breast cancer
  • If you notices any changes to your breasts that you are concerned with
For more information:
References

Canadian Cancer Society. (2012). Breast Cancer Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/breast/statistics...

Cancer Quality Council of Ontario. (2012). Erie St. Clair LHIN. Retrieved from http:// www. csqi.on.ca/ indicators_by_l_h_i_n/ esc_lhin/


Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is caused by an HPV (human papillovirus) infection. It’s one of the most preventable cancers when you screen regularly with a pap test.

Cervical Cancer Screening

Locally, 62.5%1 of eligible women between the ages of 50 to 74 have had a pap test in the last 3 years. Screening with a pap test is the only way to find cell changes in your cervix that may lead to cervical cancer.

Women need a pap test every 3 years if they:

  • Are between the age of  21 and 69 years of age
  • If they have had any sexual skin–to-skin contact:
    • Sexual intercourse
    • Intimate touching
    • Oral sex
For more information:
References

Cancer Quality Council of Ontario. (2014). Erie St. Clair LHIN. Retrieved from http: // www. csqi.on.ca/ indicators_by_l_h_i_n/ esc_lhin/


Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal cancer starts in the cells that line the colon or the rectum.

Colorectal Cancer Screening

There are 2 types of tests for colon cancer:

  • The Fecal Occult Blood Test (FOBT) is done for people with an average risk, of colon cancer.
  • The Colonoscopy is done for people who are at a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer.
Who should get screened?

Men and women that do not have a family history of colorectal cancer should start screening at the age of 50.  If you have one or more first-degree relatives (parent, sibling or child) who has had colorectal cancer, you’re at greater risk and should have a colonoscopy.  Locally, only 27.8%1 of eligible individuals, 50–74 years old completed at least one FOBT in a two-year period. Speak to your health care provider to determine when you should start screening. Colorectal cancer is 90% curable if it’s caught early, so start screening.

For More Information:
References

Cancer Quality Council of Ontario. (2014). Erie St. Clair LHIN. Retrieved from http: // www. csqi.on.ca / indicators_by_l_h_i_n / esc_lhin/


Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancers. The three most common types of skin cancer are basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and, melanoma. Skin cancers are visible and there are many protective behaviours that you can take to prevent yourself from getting skin cancer.

Types of Skin Cancer
Risks of Developing Skin Cancer

Everyone is at risk at developing skin cancer. It doesn’t matter if you have light, fair, or dark skin. The sunlight in Canada is strong enough to cause skin cancer and the risk is higher than it was 20 years ago1.  The protective layers around the earth are becoming thinner due to pollution and chemicals exposing us to more UV (ultraviolet) rays.

You have a higher risk of developing skin cancer if:

  • Have light-coloured skin, eyes and hair
  • Work, play or exercise in the sun for long periods of time
  • Had several blistering sunburns as a child
  • Take drugs that make you more sensitive to UV light
  • Have red or blonde hair with blue or green eyes
  • Have a large number of moles that are large in size and have an unusual colour or shape
  • Have a history of using tanning beds
  • Have a family history or a personal history of melanoma
Check Your Skin

The good news is that when detected early, skin cancer is often curable. Signs of skin cancer can take anywhere from 10-30 years to appear. It’s important to check your skin regularly for any changes. Follow the ABCDE’s of checking your moles. Follow the Skin Cancer Foundation’s step by step guide for examining your skin. Protect yourself from the sun. Check yourself regularly. If there is something that concerns you, contact your Health Care Professional.

For more information:
References

Canadian Cancer Society. (2014). Sun and UV. Retrieved from http://www.cancer.ca/en/prevention-and-screening/live-well/sun-and-uv/?region=on