Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacteria that is spread by sexual contact with an infected person.
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HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted bacteria that is spread by sexual contact with an infected person, sharing needles or from mother to her unborn child.
Hepatitis C is a virus that you can get from contact with an infected person’s blood.
Cryptosporidium is a parasite that causes diarrhea in humans and animals. When a person gets sick, the infection is called cryptosporidiosis. Once infected, the parasite lives in the intestine and passes in the stool. Both the disease and the parasite are commonly known as “crypto.”
Diphtheria is a bacterium that releases a toxin into the infected person’s body. Diphtheria affects the upper respiratory tract. A greyish coloured membrane forms at the back of the throat. The membrane can make it difficult to breathe or swallow.
Yersiniosis (yer-sin-ee-o-sis) is an infection caused by the bacteria Yersinia. Yersinia is a strong bacteria that can continue to live in environments without much oxygen and in refrigeration. One common source of infection can be contaminated food such as raw or undercooked pork.
Chickenpox is a very contagious and common illness with rash and fever caused by the varicella-zoster virus. Chickenpox illness usually lasts about 5 to 10 days and is usually a mild infection, however, it can be life-threatening to some.
Campylobacter refers to a group of bacteria that's commonly found in the intestines of animals, including poultry, wild birds, swine, cattle, rodents, and household pets. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are the two species that most often infect humans, causing an illness.
Amebiasis is an infection caused by a parasite, called Entamoeba histolytica. It lives in the feces (poop) of a person. Most infections occur in a person’s stomach and intestines (gastrointestinal tract). In some people, the disease may occur in the liver, lungs, skin, and other parts of the body.