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Reportable Diseases

Typhoid Fever

What is Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid fever is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi.   
 

How is it spread?

Most of the time typhoid is spread by eating food and drinking water that has been contaminated with poop (feces) or urine of an infected person. This is called “fecal-oral” route.
 

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms usually appear 1 to 3 weeks after coming in contact with the bacteria. Symptoms can vary. Some people will not get any symptoms.  Some people may get:

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a disease cause by flavivirus. The virus is spread by mosquito bites that occur in the jungle and tropical areas of South America and Africa.

Meningitis

Meningitis is a disease caused by the inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges. Meningitis may develop in response to a number of causes, usually bacteria or viruses, but can also be caused by physical injury, cancer, or certain drugs.

Shigellosis

Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella. People who eat food or drink water contaminated with Shigella bacteria can become ill with shigellosis.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a virus that can permanently damage your liver and is a leading cause of liver cancer. There is no cure for hepatitis B, and it can sometimes lead to death.