Main Page Content

The percentage of individuals in Windsor-Essex County who reported that their health was good, very good, or excellent is presented below. Those who did not report their health as good, very good or excellent reported their health as fair or poor. The impact that age and sex, as well as various social variables have on individuals’ self-perceived health is also presented.

Table 1: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Year, Age 12 and Older
  2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Percent 86.7 84.4 88.3 87.3 85.9 89.9

95% CI

83.5-89.4

80.7-87.4

83.4-91.9

83.4-91.9

81.0-89.7

85.5-93.1

There were no differences in the percentage of people who report that they have good health between 2007 and 2012. 

Table 2: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Age and Sex, 2007-2012
 

Male

Percent (95% CI)

Female

Percent (95% CI)

Total

Both Sexes

Percent (95% CI)

Age 12 to 19

97.8 (95.5-99.0)

95.1 (89.8-97.7)

96.5 (94.0-98.0)

Age 20 to 44

95.3 (93.0-96.8)

89.3 (84.9-92.4)

92.3 (90.1-94.1)

Age 45 to 64

85.3 (81.6-88.3)

82.3 (76.2-87.1)

83.8 (80.2-86.8)

Age 65 and above

72.1 (65.1-78.1)

73.1 (67.9-77.7)

72.6 (68.0-76.8)

Total (All Ages)

89.2 (87.4-90.7)

85.0 (82.4-87.4)

87.1 (85.4-88.6)

When sex is examined alone no significant differences in the percentage of individuals who report self-perceived good health are found. When age is examined alone, it is found that as age increases reports of self-perceived good health decrease. There are significantly fewer people aged 45 to 64 who report good health in comparison to those aged 12 to 44, and then again significantly fewer individuals aged 65 and above who report good health in comparison to all younger age groups. When age and sex are examined together it is found that women aged 20 to 44 report less good health in comparison to men in the same age group. 

Table 3: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Income Quintile, Age 12 and Older, 2007-2012
 

Quintile 1

Lowest Income

Quintile 2

Quintile 3

Quintile 4

Quintile 5

Highest Income

Percent

77.4 82.1 90.2 91.5 94.3

95% CI

72.3-81.7

77.3-86.1

87.3-92.5

88.1-94.1

91.7-96.1

The percentage of people who report good health is associated with income. Those in the lowest two income quintiles have significantly fewer people who report good health in comparison to those in quintiles three, four and five. 

Table 4: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Education Level, Age 12 and Older, 2007-2012
 

Less Than Secondary School

Secondary School Graduate

Some Post-Secondary

Post-Secondary Graduate

Percent

82.0 85.0 89.4 89.9

95% CI

78.7-84.9

80.9-88.3

81.5-94.2

87.5-91.9

There is a significant difference in the percentage of individuals who report good health when rates are examined by education level, with those in the less than secondary school category having significantly fewer people who report good health in comparison to those in the post-secondary graduate category. 

Table 5: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Minority Status, Age 12 and Older, 2007-2012
  white minority
percent 87.2 88.2

95% CI

85.5-88.7

83.3-91.9

There are no significant differences in reported self-perceived health based on minority status.

Table 6: Percentage of Individuals Reporting That Their Health is Good, Very Good or Excellent by Immigration Status, Age 12 and Older, 2007-2012
  Born in Canada Immigrant
Percent 88.1 83.8

95% CI

86.3-89.7

79.7-87.3

 There are no significant differences in reported self-perceived health based on immigration status.

Data Notes

  1. Data Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, [2007,2008,2009,2010,2011,2012], Share File, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care.
  2. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) collects data through participant self-report. Data collected through self-report can be biased due to inaccurate memory or because of social desirability. Social desirability happens when individuals answer questions in a manner that they think will be viewed favourably, and is more likely to occur when individuals are answering sensitive questions.
  3. Not Stated and Don’t Know responses were excluded from analysis.
  4. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval. The 95% confidence interval provides a range within which we are 95% confident that the true population proportion (%) falls. If a stated result percentage is 18% with a 95% CI of 15.0-21.0%, we can be 95% confident that the true percentage lies within the range of 15.0% to 21.0%. The wider the confidence interval, the more variability there is, and the less precise the estimate.
  5. Significant differences were determined based on non-overlapping confidence intervals.
  6. Understanding income quintiles used in this report: The Canadian Community Health Survey contains a variable that groups Windsor-Essex survey respondents into one of 10 income deciles. Each decile contains 10% of the sample population. So that the lowest or first decile contains the 10% of the population that has the lowest household income, and the highest or 10th decile contains the 10% of the sample population that has the highest household income. The calculation takes into account reported household income, low-income cut-off values, household size, and community size. For the purposes of this report, deciles were used to create quintiles for ease of analysis and interpretation (quintiles are fifths, and so each quintile contains 20% of the sample population). The lowest two deciles were combined to make the lowest quintile, the third and fourth decile s were combined to create the second lowest quintile, and so forth, with the two highest income deciles being combined to make the highest income quintile.
  7. A white ethnic background was defined as an individual who reported that their ethnicity was white. All other ethnicities were coded as minority.
  8. Immigrant was defined as someone who had ever immigrated to Canada.
  9. The geographical area of Windsor-Essex County represents the population of the entire county of Essex and includes all municipalities within the county.
  10. Age standardized statistics available upon request.