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The aim of this report is to update our understanding of intentional self-harm in Windsor-Essex County using hospitalization and mortality indicators.

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The analyses of this report will describe the current and emerging trends while highlighting priority populations disproportionally affected by this outcome of poor mental health. The information provided by this report is intended to continue informing the decision-making processes of new or existing programs in the community.

Summary & Conclusions

Estimates for intentional self-harm indicators in Windsor-Essex County were either lower or similar to provincial estimates for the same indicator. The rate of emergency department visits continues to be highest among females compared to males. Between 2012 and 2017, the rate of emergency department visits for all age groups remained consistent except for the 29.0% increase in this rate among youth (10 to 19 years old) in Windsor-Essex County. The primary cause (70.7%) of ED visits in 2017 for intentional self-harm injuries are intentional self-poisoning with some form of medication. The most common type of self-poisoning resulted in 169 ED visits (36.9%) was a result of poisoning with antiepileptic, sedative-hypnotic, anti-parkinsonism, or psychotropic drug.

Self-harm mortality rate was lower in WEC compared to Ontario. Males experienced a higher rate compared to females. Self-harm mortality is most frequent among individuals between the ages of 20 and 64. The leading cause of intentional self-harm mortality was self-harm by hanging, strangulation, or suffocation accounting for 46.5% of self-harm mortalities between 2007 and 2012 in Windsor-Essex County.

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