Main Page Content

Household food insecurity occurs when households do not have adequate or secure access to food because of financial constraints1. Access to enough nutritious food is important for optimal health. Calculations of household food security status classify households as food insecure if they are deemed to be either moderately or severely food insecure. Moderate food insecurity means that there is a compromise in quality and/or quantity of food consumed by the household2. Severe food insecurity means that there is reduced food intake and disrupted eating patterns within the household2.

Table: Percent of Households that Experience Food Insecurity (Moderate or Severe Food Insecurity) in Windsor-Essex and in Ontario by Two-Year Period, 2007/2008, 2009/2010, and 2011/2012

 

2007/2008

% (95% CI)

2009/2010

% (95% CI)

2011/2012

% (95% CI)

Windsor-Essex

9.0 (7.0-11.6)

8.6 (6.6-11.2)

9.1 (5.7-14.3)

Ontario

8.2 (7.8-8.7)

8.5 (8.0-9.0)

8.2 (7.7-8.7)

Note. Food Insecure = moderate or severe food insecurity

Data Source: Canadian Community Health Survey [2007-2008,2009-2010, 2011-2012] Statistics Canada, Share File, Ontario MOHLTC

Data indicates that there was no significant change in food insecurity between the years of 2007 and 2012 in Windsor-Essex County. There were also no significant differences between Windsor-Essex and Ontario when the percentage of households that are food insecure were compared.

Reference

1Tarasuk, V, Mitchell, A, Dachner, N. Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF). (2013). Household food insecurity in Canada 2011.

2Statistics Canada (2009). Canadian Community Health Survey: Annual Component, 2009. Derived Variable (DV) Specifications.  

Data Notes

  1. Data Source: Canadian Community Health Survey, [2007/2008,2009/2010,2011/2012], Share File, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long Term Care.
  2. The Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) collects data through participant self-report. Data collected through self-report can be biased due to inaccurate memory or because of social desirability. Social desirability happens when individuals answer questions in a manner that they think will be viewed favourably, and is more likely to occur when individuals are answering sensitive questions.
  3. Not Stated and Don’t Know responses were excluded from analysis.
  4. 95% CI = 95% confidence interval. The 95% confidence interval provides a range within which we are 95% confident that the true population proportion (%) falls. If a stated result percentage is 18% with a 95% CI of 15.0-21.0%, we can be 95% confident that the true percentage lies within the range of 15.0% to 21.0%. The wider the confidence interval, the more variability there is, and the less precise the estimate.
  5. Significant differences were determined based on non-overlapping confidence intervals.
  6. The geographical area of Windsor-Essex County represents the population of the entire county of Essex and includes all municipalities within the county.