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Depression is much more than unhappiness. It is normal for someone to feel sad when they lose a game, get into a disagreement with a friend, do poorly on a test, or “have a bad day”.  However, depression is a deeper, complex mood disorder that lasts for an extended period of time and is caused by many factors.

There are many factors that contribute to depression. An individual might be genetically predisposed to depression, have a family history of depression, have imbalances of chemicals in their brain, or major stressors in their life which they’re unable to cope with. Depression may co-occur with anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, or with learning disorders (Canadian Psychiatric Research Foundation, 2007; Ontario Ministry of Education, 2013).

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