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Abstinence (not participating in) is the only guaranteed way to prevent an STBBI. This includes abstaining from all sexual activity, not just intercourse.

Anyone thinking about, or participating in, any form of sexual activity should talk with their doctor or health care provider. Topics which should be discussed include:

  • Birth control and prevention of STBBIs
  • Testing for STBBIs
  • How STBBIs are passed between people
  • Consent and their rights when it comes to sexual activity

For those who participate in any form of sexual activity, preventing STBBIs should be a main consideration. Correctly and consistently using condoms (male and female) has been shown to be effective at preventing the transmission of STBBIs. 

If one chooses to participate in any form of sexual activity, practice these methods below:

  • Practice ways to have safer sex. This means using a condom every time
  • Talk to your sexual partners about how you can practice safer sex together
  • Birth control pills prevent pregnancy, but they don't prevent STBBIs
  • Use a new, lubricated latex or polyurethane condom every time you have vaginal or anal sex
  • Use a latex barrier for oral sex
  • Get vaccinated against hepatitis B
  • Young females between the ages of 9 26 years can get the HPV vaccine
  • Ask your doctor if you’re at risk for HIV and other STBBIs


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Last modified: 
Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 1:56pm