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A-Z Health Topics lists public health information that's not found in other areas of our website. You'll find a wide variety of topics here, most of which include links to other websites where you can find even more information.

If you think we're missing a topic, you can email us to suggest one by going to our Contact Us page.

Health Topics

A (11) | B (6) | C (17) | D (1) | E (10) | F (4) | G (3) | H (12) | I (6) | L (10) | M (10) | N (2) | O (1) | P (2) | R (3) | S (7) | T (5) | U (2) | V (2) | W (2) | Y (2) | Z (1)
An alphabetical listing of Health Topics.
Title
Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE)

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare but potentially fatal illness that can be transferred to humans from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Ebola

Ebola is a severe acute viral illness in humans. Ebola risk is very low in Windsor-Essex. To date, there have not been any cases of Ebola in Canada, and the risk to Ontarians remains low.

Echinococcus multilocularis infection

Echinococcus multilocularis (E. multilocularis) infection is caused by eating the eggs of tapeworms called E. multilocularis. These tapeworms can cause disease in humans and animals. They are often found in the intestines of dogs, wild canines (e.g., coyotes, foxes, wolves), and rodents.

Eczema

Eczema is a common skin rash that can go on for a long time and does not completely go away. It usually begins in childhood, but can occur in adults as well. The exact cause of eczema is unknown.

Emergency Preparedness

You may not be able to predict when a disaster will happen, but there are ways you can reduce the impact of any emergency you might face.  You can become better prepared to face a range of emergencies by taking a few simple steps:

Entérobactéries productrices de carbapénèmases (EPC)

Les entérobactéries sont un groupe de bactéries (germes) qui se retrouvent naturellement dans les intestins. Ces bactéries se retrouvent aussi dans l’environnement. Les EPC sont un type d’entérobactéries qui produisent des enzymes appelées carbapénèmases. Ces enzymes peuvent décomposer de nombreux types d’antibiotiques (médicaments luttant contre les bactéries), rendant ainsi les bactéries très résistantes et difficiles à traiter.

Entérocoques résistants à la vancomycine (ERV)

Les entérocoques sont des bactéries qui se trouvent normalement dans les voies intestinales et digestives d’une personne. Ils se trouvent aussi souvent dans l’environnement. Ces bactéries peuvent causer bien des genres d’infections devant être traités par des antibiotiques.

Enterovirus D68

Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is a relatively rare virus with potentially serious risks to some people.

Exposure to potential bloodborne pathogens Bloodborne pathogens are germs that are present in the blood and can cause diseases.
Fièvre typhoïde

La fièvre typhoïde est une infection causée par une bactérie du nom de Salmonella typhi. Elle est présente généralement dans les pays en développement, où les normes d’hygiène sont peu élevées. Les voyageurs sont exposés à la fièvre typhoïde quand ils s’y rendent.

Fifth Disease

Fifth disease is caused by the virus Parvovirus B19. Symptoms may begin 4 to 20 days after you are exposed to someone who is infected. It's most contagious before the development of the rash.

Flooding

Floods are a common and widespread natural hazard across Canada, causing extensive damage to property and loss of life. Floods can result from heavy rainfall, sewer backups, severe storms, breaking dams, broken water mains, and thawing of snow and ice. Some floods develop slowly, sometimes over a period of days or weeks. However, flash flooding usually occurs with little or no advance warning.

Flu (Influenza)

Influenza (the flu) is a respiratory virus that causes an infection of the nose, throat, and lungs. Influenza is a reportable disease.

Giardia

Giardia is a parasite that causes an infection in the intestinal track. Symptoms usually start 3 to 25 days after being exposed to the parasite.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria (germs), called Neisseria gonorrhoeae.  It is one of the most common bacterial STIs.

Grippe

Qu'est-ce que la grippe? La grippe est une infection respiratoire d'origine virale.

Haemophilus Influenzae Type b (Hib)

Haemophilus Influenzae (Hi) is caused by a bacterial infection. There are many types or “strains” of it. The sickness can be mild or very serious. If the infection gets into the bloodstream, brain, or other areas where it’s usually not found, it can cause severe infection.

Handwashing Hand Hygiene is the single most important way to control the spread of infection. View the list of steps on how to properly wash and sanitize your hands.
Head Lice

If your child comes home with head lice, you may have a lot of questions.

Heat Illness

For most people, heat-related illnesses happen when temperatures are high for a number of days (particularly if the night time temperatures do not drop), or if the humidity is high. While the health risks related to heat are higher for certain groups (such as seniors, young children, people taking certain medications and people with chronic conditions), everyone is potentially at risk. Fortunately, most heat-related illnesses can be prevented or treated if you are aware of the risks, signs and symptoms.

Hépatite A

L’hépatite A est une infection du foie causée par un virus. La maladie est généralement mineure chez les enfants, mais peut être plus grave chez les adultes.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A (Hep A) is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis A virus.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B (Hep B) is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).

Hepatitis B Immunization Program for Grade 7 Students

Anyone of any age can get the hepatitis B vaccine. People of certain high risk categories are able to receive the provincially funded vaccine through our Health Unit.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Anyone of any age can get the hepatitis B vaccine. People of certain high risk categories are able to receive the provincially funded vaccine through our Health Unit.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C (hep C) is an infection of the liver, caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV).

HIV (AIDS)

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV is a very common virus that can cause many types of cancers, including cervical, penile, and anal cancer, and genital warts.

Impetigo

Impetigo is a highly contagious skin infection caused by bacteria called group A streptococcal (strep) or Staphylococcus aureus (staph). The infection happens when the bacteria get into scrapes and insect bites.

Infection Prevention: Tips to Avoid Getting Sick

Follow these tips to help avoid getting sick!

Influenza (Flu)

Influenza (the flu) is a respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus. The flu season (when most people get sick with the flu) often begins in late fall.

Information about Radon Testing

Radon is produced when uranium found in soil, rock or water decays. Radon is found across Canada because it occurs naturally in soil. The gas naturally rises up from the soil and can get into any type of building where it builds up due to negative pressure and lack of air flow. Breathing in radon gas for extended periods of time can potentially be hazardous to you and your family.

Invasive Meningococcal Disease

Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) is a serious infection caused by the bacteria, Neisseria meningitidis. Up to 10% of the population carry the bacteria at the back of their throat or nose without ever getting sick. In rare cases, IMD can cause an infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and/or an infection of the bloodstream (septicemia).

Invasive Pneumococcal Disease

Invasive pneumococcal disease is a sudden and serious illness caused by a bacteria called streptococcus pneumonia.

La brucellose

La brucellose est une infection causée par la bactérie Brucella, que l’on trouve surtout chez les bovins, les cochons, les chèvres et les moutons.

La prévention des infections: conseils pour éviter de tomber malade

Voici quelques conseils pratiques pour éviter de tomber malade.